Know 10 Political and Democratic Terms You Must Know – Politics is not just for the elite. Today, politics has become the subject of daily conversation. Especially after social media increasingly allows us to access a lot of information. High school students like us, like it or not, want to be hit by the country’s political problems. Every time you open LINE, there will be news on LINE Today about elections, problems in the MPR/DPR building, to demonstrations to fight for certain things.
In the era of the words “electability” and “Anarchism” as well-known as the words “disturbed”, “lebai”, and “SWAG”, we should not just hear about it. We need to know what it means, and after that we can follow the political developments of the country. The voices of young people like us are also very influential, you know. Extracted from the book “This is Democracy” by the Generation Pamphlet Team, this is an explanation of 10 terms of politics and democracy that we often hear. Listen!
Well, this one term is often misunderstood. We regard it as an act of violence, and even tend to be brutal and violent. In fact, if traced, the meaning is very different from what we have understood so far. We discuss the origin of the word first. Anarchy comes from the Greek, namely anorchos which means without a leader.
While anarchism, in the book Abbey: The Theory of Anarchy, is defined as a state of maximum democracy: political power, economic power, and military power are evenly distributed. Then, in the KBBI, the word anarchy has two meanings. What comes first, anarchy is the absence of government, laws, regulations, or order. Instead, we should stop using the word anarchy to refer to chaotic conditions (as also interpreted by the KBBI), acts of violence, and riots. Because it’s not the only thing to do to be free and independent.
He said similar to the word activism. Yes, this term is related to activism, the difference is, clickivism refers to movements that are carried out using social media and other online methods. While scrolling through social media, I found a friend who was sharing an online petition about a problem. We are invited to agree to the petition. Or, have you seen special accounts that express support for solving certain human rights issues. Well, those two things are examples of clickivism.
When you hear news about human rights violations, clashes between the two camps, and conflicts, this term often appears.
From the origin of the word, English, reconciliation means the effort to complete, pay off, reconcile, restore, and restore harmony. Meanwhile, when viewed from the German language, namely vergangenheitsbewaltigung, reconciliation is a struggle to resolve unfinished things in the past.
“The Flying Elephant Party Decides to Coalition with the Pink Lion Party” Often times, we read headlines like this from newspapers, online media, or flash news on news television. From the sentence, we can already guess what it means. Yes, your guess is not wrong, really.
Parties often form coalitions to support a particular presidential candidate. But, only temporarily. The election is over, parties may come out to carry out their interests.
In fact, this term is still often buzzing on social media. And is still considered a sensitive discussion. Why is it? Before we know why, we need to know what it is. Communism is a thought coined by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in 1848. Communism sees that the purpose of work should remain in its essence, namely to support human life. Humans, should not lose their lives for pursuing a satisfaction of ownership of an item or capital.
Such a work system, according to communism, is the cause of the extra time and inhumane workload. Communism assumes that if private property is reduced, humans will not become machines for other people. No master, no master. All work to meet a common need.
Starting as an economic system, communism developed into a political system. Parties with the concept of communism emerged, including the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI), which was later dissolved in 1965, accompanied by the massacre of hundreds of thousands of its people.
When the election period is near, this one term becomes as popular as “SWAG”, often in the news headlines, or coffee shop conversations. What does it actually mean? Electability is the level of electability of goods, services, people, entities, or parties that are adjusted to the selection criteria.
For example, the electability of certain gubernatorial candidates means that we are talking about how many people have elected him. Well, the campaign is a way for the cagub to increase its electability.
“Freedom of Opinion Has Been Provided by the Constitution” “I return everything to the Constitution” “The official was accused of violating the constitution” Well, you know. So, what is the constitution? In simple terms, the constitution is a document that contains the rules for the operation of an organization. At the state level, the constitution is referred to as the Basic Law (UUD).
Also Read : cardiac management for education
Yes, this term stands for community organization. According to Law No. 17 of 2013, CSOs are defined as organizations founded and formed by the community voluntarily based on common aspirations, desires, needs, interests, activities, and goals to participate in development in order to achieve the goals of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia.
There is something that needs to be underlined from the definition:
Also, mass organizations should not be formed based on political goals, and should not engage in hostility towards ethnicity, religion, race or class, let alone cornering certain parties.
Among other political terms, this one is arguably the one we hear the most. In the world of politics, campaigning is defined as the activity of candidates competing for positions in parliament (or certain positions) to gain support from the masses of voters.
Usually, when campaigning, candidates convey messages such as ideas …